Many countries cultivate coffee plants and often they produce large volumes of coffee beans per year. Growing coffee beans is so widely spread that one is tempted to start to cultivate a plantation. Some people believe that growing coffee beans right in one’s estate is a gratifying experience.
Coffee plants are fairly easy to grow and it can be a coffee book subject while one is discussing its cherry development. Before growing coffee beans, it is better to start at picking the right coffee cherries. If one is in the vicinity of the coffee producing continents like South America, Africa, and even Southeast Asia, then one has no problem getting coffee beans, but if one is not, then the next alternative is the local coffee supplier. If one is determined to get the best coffee beans, then try looking for online sites that provide the best coffee cherries.
Once you have the cherries, take into consideration that the germination will take at least four months. The older seeds germinate longer as compared to the fresh seeds.
Pre-geminating the seeds is a sensible step to make. The coffee seeds must be soaked in water for 24 hours. The next step is to sow the seeds in wet vermiculite or damp sand where in the excess water has been drained. Another option is to put the seeds in between the damp and moist coffee sacks where they can be watered and drained two times a day.
Remove the coffee beans from the sand or bags for transfer. Make sure you have a stock of crumbly loam soil with humus content because one would dig a hole of 1.25 cm deep. If that particular soil is not available, then settle for the next alternative, the porous lightweight soil. Add organic fertilizers like rotted manure. Insert the seed flat side down and start filling up the hole with soil. Be careful in pressing the soil and pace a ½ inch of mulched grass on top for moisture. However, remove the grass once the seed has fully germinated.
Water the growing coffee beans daily. Moderate the water, because too much or too little may kill the seed. The soil must be well drained all the time, but should remain its moistness.
The growing beans can be transferred after the germination process to a soil with low acidic and high nitrogen content.